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Sunday, March 29, 2009

Lesson 15 - Using Adjective and Adverbs


Using adjectives and adverbs make your writing more vivid. Without adjectives and adverbs, your writing can be plain and unclear.

Look at the example below:

He shouted at her and then ran away. She ran after him but could not find him. She stood at the corner of the road.

Add a few adjectives and adverbs and you get this:

He shouted bitterly at her and then ran away. She ran quickly after him but could not find him. She stood speechless at the corner of the road, confused and scared.


If you are using more than one adjective, remember to use them in the right order - quality, size, shape, age, colour, origin, substance and gerunds.


It was a beautiful (quality), antique (age), dining (gerund) table.

Please note that it is generally not advisable to use more than 3 adjectives in a row.


Be aware that there are differences in the degree of descriptive words.

For example,
there is a greater degree of of happiness in the word 'overjoyed' than there is in the word 'pleased'.

Likewise, there is greater degree of anger in the word '
enraged' than there is in the word 'annoyed'.

It is important to use the appropriate word to create the appropriate effect.


Rewrite the following passages with some adjectives and adverbs:

1. Sue waited for her boyfriend to arrive. She walked up and down the pavement. After an hour, there was still no sign of him. She decided to go home.

2. The children talked and talked. The teacher stared at them. The students continued to talk. The teacher shouted at them. The children stopped talking.

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